Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB): All you need to know as an aware Student

Citizenship Amendment Bill: Union Home Minister Amit Shah presented the Citizenship Amendment Bill(CAB) in the Lok Sabha on Monday, which seeks to grant Indian citizenship to non-Muslim refugees from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan who are escaping religious persecution.

The bill has led to widespread agitation by northeastern states, with a large section of people and organizations opposing the bill saying that it would defy the provisions of the 1985 Assam Accord, which led to the deportation of people on 24 March 1971 Was set as the cut-off date of. Despite all illegal immigrant religions.

The Powerfull and influential  
Organization NESO (North East Students Organization) called for an 11-hour Strike in the region on 10 December.

According to Citizenship (Amendment) Bill (CAB), 2019.  People belonging to Sikh, Hindu, Buddhist, Parsi, Jain and Christian communities, who have come from Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, as of 31 December 2014, due to religious persecution, will not be treated as illegal immigrants, but Indians.

To take in and understand the sentiments of tribals in the region of Northeast, where many feel that granting of permanent citizenship to illegal immigrants will disturb the region's resources and demographics, the government has made provisions under which the Bill Inner Line Permit (ILP) registered areas will not be affected by the amendment which is governed under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.

"In the Citizenship Act, in section 2 of sub-section (i), in clause (b) the following provisional shall be inserted respectively: - Provided that any Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Zoroastrian or Christian community belonging to Pakistan, Afganistan or Bangladesh, who entered India on or before the 31st day of December 2014. 
And those are exempted by the Central Government on or under subdivision in the Foreigners Act 1946 or any rule or order made thereon shall not be treated as illegal migrants, "the Bill said.

He said that such refugees would be given Indian citizenship after being in India for five years (six years in CAB 2016) instead of 11 years ago.

The bill also proposes giving immunity to such refugees facing legal matters after illegal migrants are found.

"From the date of commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, any proceedings pending in respect of illegal migration or citizenship against a person under this section shall cease on violation of citizenship for him.

"Provided that such person shall not be disqualified to apply for citizenship on the ground that the proceedings pending against him and his application in that regard by the Central Government or Authority on that basis shall not be denied if he otherwise Has been found eligible to be granted citizenship under the section, "it said.

Moreover, the Bill says that a person who applies for citizenship under this section shall not be deprived of his rights and privileges, for which he shall, on the basis of making such application, Was entitled on the date of receipt of the application.

Law also proposed that this amendment will not affect or apply to the tribal areas of Meghalaya, Assam, Mizoram or Tripura, as included in the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution and included in the areas under the Inner Line, notified under the Bengal Central Frontier Regulations. is. , 1873.

The ILP regime is in force in Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram.

The Bill proposes to include sub-section (d) in section 7, which provides for the cancellation of the Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) registration, where the OCI card-holder has made any provision or force of the Citizenship Act Has violated any other law.

However, the order of cancellation will not be passed until the OCI cardholder has been given a fair opportunity to be heard. This amendment was also proposed in 2016.

The bill was an election promise of the BJP in the 2014 and 2019 Lok Sabha elections.

The BJP-led NDA government had introduced the bill in its last term and got the approval of the Lok Sabha. But it was not introduced in the Rajya Sabha, apparently due to protests in the Northeast.

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